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Using SHA2 Algorithms with Cryptographic Message Syntax.
S. Turner. January 2010.

 
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Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) S. Turner Request for Comments: 5754 IECA Updates: 3370 January 2010 Category: Standards Track ISSN: 2070-1721 Using SHA2 Algorithms with Cryptographic Message Syntax Abstract This document describes the conventions for using the Secure Hash Algorithm (SHA) message digest algorithms (SHA-224, SHA-256, SHA-384, SHA-512) with the Cryptographic Message Syntax (CMS). It also describes the conventions for using these algorithms with the CMS and the Digital Signature Algorithm (DSA), Rivest Shamir Adleman (RSA), and Elliptic Curve DSA (ECDSA) signature algorithms. Further, it provides SMIMECapabilities attribute values for each algorithm. Status of This Memo This is an Internet Standards Track document. This document is a product of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF). It represents the consensus of the IETF community. It has received public review and has been approved for publication by the Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG). Further information on Internet Standards is available in Section 2 of RFC 5741. Information about the current status of this document, any errata, and how to provide feedback on it may be obtained at http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc5754. Copyright Notice Copyright (c) 2010 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the document authors. All rights reserved. This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal Provisions Relating to IETF Documents (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of publication of this document. Please review these documents carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect to this document. Code Components extracted from this document must include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as described in the Simplified BSD License. Turner Standards Track [Page 1]
RFC 5754 Using SHA2 Algorithms with CMS January 2010 This document may contain material from IETF Documents or IETF Contributions published or made publicly available before November 10, 2008. The person(s) controlling the copyright in some of this material may not have granted the IETF Trust the right to allow modifications of such material outside the IETF Standards Process. Without obtaining an adequate license from the person(s) controlling the copyright in such materials, this document may not be modified outside the IETF Standards Process, and derivative works of it may not be created outside the IETF Standards Process, except to format it for publication as an RFC or to translate it into languages other than English. Table of Contents 1. Introduction ....................................................2 1.1. Conventions Used in This Document ..........................3 2. Message Digest Algorithms .......................................3 2.1. SHA-224 ....................................................4 2.2. SHA-256 ....................................................5 2.3. SHA-384 ....................................................5 2.4. SHA-512 ....................................................5 3. Signature Algorithms ............................................6 3.1. DSA ........................................................6 3.2. RSA ........................................................7 3.3. ECDSA ......................................................8 4. Security Considerations .........................................9 5. References ......................................................9 5.1. Normative References .......................................9 5.2. Informative References ....................................10 1. Introduction This document specifies the algorithm identifiers and specifies parameters for the message digest algorithms SHA-224, SHA-256, SHA-384, and SHA-512 for use with the Cryptographic Message Syntax (CMS) [RFC5652]. The message digest algorithms are defined in [SHS] and reference code is provided in [RFC4634]. This document also specifies the algorithm identifiers and parameters for use of SHA-224, SHA-256, SHA-384, and SHA-512 with DSA [DSS], RSA (RSASSA-PKCS1-v1_5) [RFC3447], and ECDSA [DSS]. This document does not define new identifiers; they are taken from [RFC3874], [RFC4055], and [RFC5758]. Additionally, the parameters follow the conventions specified therein. Therefore, there is no Abstract Syntax Notation One (ASN.1) module included in this document. Turner Standards Track [Page 2]
RFC 5754 Using SHA2 Algorithms with CMS January 2010 Note that [RFC4231] specifies the conventions for the message authentication code (MAC) algorithms: Hashed MAC (HMAC) with SHA-224, HMAC with SHA-256, HMAC with SHA-384, and HMAC with SHA-512. In the CMS, the various algorithm identifiers use the AlgorithmIdentifier syntax, which is included here for convenience: AlgorithmIdentifier ::= SEQUENCE { algorithm OBJECT IDENTIFIER, parameters ANY DEFINED BY algorithm OPTIONAL } This document also specifies the SMIMECapabilities attribute values [RFC5751] for each algorithm. The values provided are for the SMIMECapability field, which is included here for convenience: SMIMECapability ::= SEQUENCE { capabilityID OBJECT IDENTIFIER, parameters ANY DEFINED BY capabilityID OPTIONAL } 1.1. Conventions Used in This Document The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT", "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this document are to be interpreted as described in [RFC2119]. 2. Message Digest Algorithms Digest algorithm identifiers are located in the SignedData digestAlgorithms field, the SignerInfo digestAlgorithm field, the DigestedData digestAlgorithm field, and the AuthenticatedData digestAlgorithm field. The object identifiers are taken from [RFC4055]. Digest values are located in the DigestedData digest field and the Message Digest authenticated attribute. In addition, digest values are input to signature algorithms. The digest algorithm identifiers use the AlgorithmIdentifier syntax elaborated upon in Section 1. The algorithm field and SMIMECapabilities attribute are discussed in Sections 2.1-2.4 for each message digest algorithm. Section 3 provides some signatures that use SHA2 algorithms. Consult the signature algorithm definitions for the procedures to compute the digest values (i.e., DigestInfo). Turner Standards Track [Page 3]
RFC 5754 Using SHA2 Algorithms with CMS January 2010 The AlgorithmIdentifier parameters field is OPTIONAL. Implementations MUST accept SHA2 AlgorithmIdentifiers with absent parameters. Implementations MUST accept SHA2 AlgorithmIdentifiers with NULL parameters. Implementations MUST generate SHA2 AlgorithmIdentifiers with absent parameters. NOTE: There are two possible encodings for the AlgorithmIdentifier parameters field associated with these object identifiers. The two alternatives arise from the loss of the OPTIONAL associated with the algorithm identifier parameters when the 1988 syntax for AlgorithmIdentifier was translated into the 1997 syntax. Later, the OPTIONAL was recovered via a defect report, but by then many people thought that algorithm parameters were mandatory. Because of this history, some implementations encode parameters as a NULL element while others omit them entirely. The correct encoding is to omit the parameters field; however, when some uses of these algorithms were defined, it was done using the NULL parameters rather than absent parameters. For example, PKCS#1 [RFC3447] requires that the padding used for RSA signatures (EMSA-PKCS1-v1_5) MUST use SHA2 AlgorithmIdentifiers with NULL parameters (to clarify, the requirement "MUST generate SHA2 AlgorithmIdentifiers with absent parameters" in the previous paragraph does not apply to this padding). 2.1. SHA-224 The SHA-224 message digest algorithm is defined in [SHS]. The algorithm identifier for SHA-224 is: id-sha224 OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { joint-iso-itu-t(2) country(16) us(840) organization(1) gov(101) csor(3) nistalgorithm(4) hashalgs(2) 4 } The parameters are as specified in the beginning of Section 2. The SMIMECapabilities attribute value indicates support for SHA-224 in a SEQUENCE with the capabilityID field containing the object identifier id-sha224 with absent parameters. The DER encoding for this SMIMECapability is: id-sha224: 30 0b 06 09 60 86 48 01 65 03 04 02 04 Turner Standards Track [Page 4]
RFC 5754 Using SHA2 Algorithms with CMS January 2010 2.2. SHA-256 The SHA-256 message digest algorithm is defined in [SHS]. The algorithm identifier for SHA-256 is: id-sha256 OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { joint-iso-itu-t(2) country(16) us(840) organization(1) gov(101) csor(3) nistalgorithm(4) hashalgs(2) 1 } The parameters are as specified in the beginning of Section 2. The SMIMECapabilities attribute value indicates support for SHA-256 in a SEQUENCE with the capabilityID field containing the object identifier id-sha256 with absent parameters. The DER encoding for this SMIMECapability value is: id-sha256: 30 0b 06 09 60 86 48 01 65 03 04 02 01 2.3. SHA-384 The SHA-384 message digest algorithm is defined in [SHS]. The algorithm identifier for SHA-384 is: id-sha384 OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { joint-iso-itu-t(2) country(16) us(840) organization(1) gov(101) csor(3) nistalgorithm(4) hashalgs(2) 2 } The parameters are as specified in the beginning of Section 2. The SMIMECapabilities attribute value indicates support for SHA-384 in a SEQUENCE with the capabilityID field containing the object identifier id-sha384 with absent parameters. The DER encoding for this SMIMECapability value is: id-sha384: 30 0b 06 09 60 86 48 01 65 03 04 02 02 2.4. SHA-512 The SHA-512 message digest algorithm is defined in [SHS]. The algorithm identifier for SHA-512 is: id-sha512 OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { joint-iso-itu-t(2) country(16) us(840) organization(1) gov(101) csor(3) nistalgorithm(4) hashalgs(2) 3 } The parameters are as specified in the beginning of Section 2. Turner Standards Track [Page 5]
RFC 5754 Using SHA2 Algorithms with CMS January 2010 The SMIMECapabilities attribute value indicates support for SHA-384 in a SEQUENCE with the capabilityID field containing the object identifier id-sha384 with absent parameters. The DER encoding for this SMIMECapability value is: id-sha512: 30 0b 06 09 60 86 48 01 65 03 04 02 03 3. Signature Algorithms This section specifies the conventions employed by CMS implementations that support DSA, RSA, and ECDSA with SHA2 algorithms. Signature algorithm identifiers are located in the SignerInfo signatureAlgorithm field of SignedData. Also, signature algorithm identifiers are located in the SignerInfo signatureAlgorithm field of countersignature attributes. Signature values are located in the SignerInfo signature field of SignedData. Also, signature values are located in the SignerInfo signature field of countersignature attributes. 3.1. DSA [RFC3370], Section 3.1, specifies the conventions for DSA with SHA-1 public key algorithm identifiers, parameters, public keys, and signature values. DSA with SHA2 algorithms uses the same conventions for these public key algorithm identifiers, parameters, public keys, and signature values. DSA MAY be used with SHA-224 and SHA-256. The object identifiers are taken from [RFC5758]. DSA has not been specified with SHA-384 and SHA-512. SHA-384 and SHA-512 are not supported because the maximum bit length of p (specified as L) is 3072 for DSA. For consistent cryptographic strength, SHA-384 would be used with DSA where L is 7680, and SHA-512 would be used with DSA where L is 15360. The algorithm identifier for DSA with SHA-224 signature values is: id-dsa-with-sha224 OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { joint-iso-ccitt(2) country(16) us(840) organization(1) gov(101) csor(3) algorithms(4) id-dsa-with-sha2(3) 1 } The algorithm identifier for DSA with SHA-256 signature values is: id-dsa-with-sha256 OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { joint-iso-ccitt(2) country(16) us(840) organization(1) gov(101) csor(3) algorithms(4) id-dsa-with-sha2(3) 2 } Turner Standards Track [Page 6]
RFC 5754 Using SHA2 Algorithms with CMS January 2010 When either of these algorithm identifiers is used, the AlgorithmIdentifier parameters field MUST be absent. The SMIMECapabilities attribute value indicates support for one of the DSA signature algorithms in a SEQUENCE with the capabilityID field containing the object identifier id-dsa-with-sha* (where * is 224 or 256) with absent parameters. The DER encodings for these SMIMECapability values are: id-dsa-with-sha224: 30 0b 06 09 60 86 48 01 65 03 04 03 01 id-dsa-with-sha256: 30 0b 06 09 60 86 48 01 65 03 04 03 02 3.2. RSA [RFC3370], Section 3.2, specifies the conventions for RSA with SHA-1 (RSASSA-PKCS1-v1_5) public key algorithm identifiers, parameters, public keys, and signature values. RSA with SHA2 algorithms uses the same conventions for these public key algorithm identifiers, parameters, public keys, and signature values. RSA (RSASSA-PKCS1-v1_5) [RFC3447] MAY be used with SHA-224, SHA-256, SHA-384, or SHA-512. The object identifiers are taken from [RFC4055]. The object identifier for RSA with SHA-224 signature values is: sha224WithRSAEncryption OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { iso(1) member-body(2) us(840) rsadsi(113549) pkcs(1) pkcs-1(1) 14 } The object identifier for RSA with SHA-256 signature values is: sha256WithRSAEncryption OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { iso(1) member-body(2) us(840) rsadsi(113549) pkcs(1) pkcs-1(1) 11 } The object identifier for RSA with SHA-384 signature values is: sha384WithRSAEncryption OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { iso(1) member-body(2) us(840) rsadsi(113549) pkcs(1) pkcs-1(1) 12 } The object identifier for RSA with SHA-512 signature values is: sha512WithRSAEncryption OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { iso(1) member-body(2) us(840) rsadsi(113549) pkcs(1) pkcs-1(1) 13 } Turner Standards Track [Page 7]
RFC 5754 Using SHA2 Algorithms with CMS January 2010 When any of these four object identifiers appears within an AlgorithmIdentifier, the parameters MUST be NULL. Implementations MUST accept the parameters being absent as well as present. The SMIMECapabilities attribute value indicates support for one of the DSA signature algorithms in a SEQUENCE with the capabilityID field containing the object identifier sha*WithRSAEncryption (where * is 224, 256, 384, or 512) with NULL parameters. The DER encodings for these SMIMECapability values are: sha224WithRSAEncryption: 30 0d 06 09 2a 86 48 86 f7 0d 01 01 0e 05 00 sha256WithRSAEncryption: 30 0d 06 09 2a 86 48 86 f7 0d 01 01 0b 05 00 sha384WithRSAEncryption: 30 0d 06 09 2a 86 48 86 f7 0d 01 01 Oc 05 00 sha512WithRSAEncryption: 30 0d 06 09 2a 86 48 86 f7 0d 01 01 0d 05 00 3.3. ECDSA [RFC5753], Section 2.1, specifies the conventions for ECDSA with SHA-* (where * is 1, 224, 256, 384, or 512) public key algorithm identifiers, parameters, public keys, and signature values. The object identifiers, which are included below for convenience, are taken from [RFC5758]. The algorithm identifier for ECDSA with SHA-224 signature values is: ecdsa-with-SHA224 OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { iso(1) member-body(2) us(840) ansi-X9-62(10045) signatures(4) ecdsa-with-SHA2(3) 1 } The algorithm identifier for ECDSA with SHA-256 signature values is: ecdsa-with-SHA256 OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { iso(1) member-body(2) us(840)ansi-X9-62(10045) signatures(4) ecdsa-with-SHA2(3) 2 } The algorithm identifier for ECDSA with SHA-384 signature values is: ecdsa-with-SHA384 OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { iso(1) member-body(2) us(840) ansi-X9-62(10045) signatures(4) ecdsa-with-SHA2(3) 3 } Turner Standards Track [Page 8]
RFC 5754 Using SHA2 Algorithms with CMS January 2010 The algorithm identifier for ECDSA with SHA-512 signature values is: ecdsa-with-SHA512 OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { iso(1) member-body(2) us(840) ansi-X9-62(10045) signatures(4) ecdsa-with-SHA2(3) 4 } When any of these four object identifiers appears within an AlgorithmIdentifier, the parameters field MUST be absent. That is, the AlgorithmIdentifier SHALL be a SEQUENCE of one component: the OID ecdsa-with-SHA224, ecdsa-with-SHA256, ecdsa-with-SHA384, or ecdsa- with-SHA512. The SMIMECapabilities attribute value indicates support for one of the ECDSA signature algorithms in a SEQUENCE with the capabilityID field containing the object identifier ecdsa-with-SHA1* (where * is 224, 256, 384, or 512) with absent parameters. The DER encodings for these SMIMECapability values are: ecdsa-with-SHA224: 30 0a 06 08 2a 86 48 ce 3d 04 03 01 ecdsa-with-SHA256: 30 0a 06 08 2a 86 48 ce 3d 04 03 02 ecdsa-with-SHA384: 30 0a 06 08 2a 86 48 ce 3d 04 03 03 ecdsa-with-SHA512: 30 0a 06 08 2a 86 48 ce 3d 04 03 04 4. Security Considerations The security considerations in [RFC3370], [RFC3874], [RFC4055], [RFC5753], and [RFC5758] apply. No new security considerations are introduced as a result of this specification. 5. References 5.1. Normative References [DSS] National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), FIPS Publication 186-3: Digital Signature Standard, June 2009. [RFC2119] Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997. [RFC3370] Housley, R., "Cryptographic Message Syntax (CMS) Algorithms", RFC 3370, August 2002. [RFC3447] Jonsson, J. and B. Kaliski, "Public-Key Cryptography Standards (PKCS) #1: RSA Cryptography Specifications Version 2.1", RFC 3447, February 2003. Turner Standards Track [Page 9]
RFC 5754 Using SHA2 Algorithms with CMS January 2010 [RFC3874] Housley, R., "A 224-bit One-way Hash Function: SHA-224", RFC 3874, September 2004. [RFC4055] Schaad, J., Kaliski, B., and R. Housley, "Additional Algorithms and Identifiers for RSA Cryptography for use in the Internet X.509 Public Key Infrastructure Certificate and Certificate Revocation List (CRL) Profile", RFC 4055, June 2005. [RFC5652] Housley, R., "Cryptographic Message Syntax (CMS)", RFC 5652, September 2009. [RFC5751] Ramsdell, B. and S. Turner, "Secure/Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions (S/MIME) Version 3.2 Message Specification", RFC 5751, January 2010. [RFC5753] Turner, S. and D. Brown, "Use of Elliptic Curve Cryptography (ECC) Algorithms in Cryptographic Message Syntax (CMS)", RFC 5753, January 2010. [RFC5758] Dang, Q., Santesson, S., Moriarty, K., Brown, D., and T. Polk, "Internet X.509 Public Key Infrastructure: Additional Algorithms and Identifiers for DSA and ECDSA", RFC 5758, January 2010. [SHS] National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), FIPS Publication 180-3: Secure Hash Standard, October 2008. 5.2. Informative References [RFC4231] Nystrom, M., "Identifiers and Test Vectors for HMAC- SHA-224, HMAC-SHA-256, HMAC-SHA-384, and HMAC-SHA-512", RFC 4231, December 2005. [RFC4634] Eastlake 3rd, D. and T. Hansen, "US Secure Hash Algorithms (SHA and HMAC-SHA)", RFC 4634, July 2006. Author's Address Sean Turner IECA, Inc. 3057 Nutley Street, Suite 106 Fairfax, VA 22031 USA EMail: turners@ieca.com Turner Standards Track [Page 10]

   

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